In 1905 the first government-sponsored migration scheme was initiated by the Dutch colonial government which termed it a “colonization” program. After independence the government of Indonesia developed its own “colonization program” but called it “transmigration.”
What is the Indonesian transmigration policy?
The transmigration program (Indonesian: Transmigrasi, from Dutch, transmigratie) was an initiative of the Dutch colonial government and later continued by the Indonesian government to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the country.
When did transmigration in Indonesia start?
Transmigration was born in 1905 in Lampung, with the arrivai of the first settlers in the vicinity of Gedong Tataan, in Bagelen, as part of the Kolonisatie Programme launched by the colonial government.
What is transmigration in geography?
In a geographical context, transmigration refers to the mass movement of a human population from one location to another and is specifically…
Why did the Indonesian government impose the transmigration policy?
The transmigration policy had multiple purposes: I) to relieve population pressure in Java, 2) to secure economic development in the outer islands, 3) to secure and defend the marginal regions of the nation, and 4) to increase cultural assimilation, political integration, and economic consolidation to the end of …
What is transmigration in pathology?
(trans’mī-grā’shŭn), Movement from one site to another; may entail the crossing of some usually limiting barrier, as in the passage of blood cells through the walls of the vessels (diapedesis).
What is the difference between transmigration and reincarnation?
DarkShadowBlaze Transmigration is if a soul from another world goes and enters the body of an already existing individual from the world he is transferred to. Reincarnation is when one dies, and is reborn anew from birth onward.
What does transmigration mean in history?
Transmigration is the movement of a soul into another body after death. Transmigration is related to reincarnation.
What is the importance of transmigration in Southeast Asia?
The main aims of transmigration where: To create a balanced demographic spread by easing population density in Java, Bali & Madura and increasing the density in less developed areas. To eliminate poverty by providing land for the landless. To exploit the outer islands of Indonesia.
What is the other term for transmigration?
In this page you can discover 13 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for transmigration, like: metempsychosis, avatar, exodus, trek, pilgrimage, movement, rebirth, emigration, reincarnation, immigration and migration.