The movement’s principal objectives were the overthrow of the South Vietnamese government and the reunification of Vietnam.
Who did the Viet Cong target?
This began in mid-1957 with a few units carrying out acts of terrorism against foreigners, foreign sympathisers and government targets. South Vietnamese communists called this campaign of violence the “extermination of traitors”.
What does Viet Cong stand for?
These authors tell readers that “Viet Cong” — meaning “Vietnamese communist” — was a pejorative term invented by officers of the United States Information Agency.
What was Viet Cong war strategy?
The Vietcong tactics in Vietnam can be summed up by the acronym PEG – Peasants, Enemy and Guerilla. … They would frustrate the Americans by simple tactics: retreating when the enemy attacked; raiding enemy camps; attacking the enemy when they were tired and pursuing the enemy when they retreated.
Why was Vietcong successful?
For destroying armored vehicles or bunkers, the Vietcong had highly effective rocket propelled grenades and recoilless rifles. Mortars were also available in large numbers and had the advantage of being very easy to transport. Many weapons, including booby traps and mines, were homemade in villages.
Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?
China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.
Why was the Vietcong called Charlie?
American soldiers referred to the Viet Cong as Victor Charlie or V-C. “Victor” and “Charlie” are both letters in the NATO phonetic alphabet. “Charlie” referred to communist forces in general, both Viet Cong and North Vietnamese.
Who backed the Vietcong?
The Vietcong and North Vietnam were supported by the Soviet Union (USSR) and China who supplied money and weapons.
Did the United States create the Vietcong?
First de Marrais tells them that it was Americans who created the Viet Minh, a precursor to the Viet Cong, in 1945. That is nonsense. The OSS, later to become the CIA, only backed the Viet Minh in world war two because it was already an established guerrilla group, capable of spying on the Japanese.
Why were the Viet Cong hard to fight?
The Vietcong had an intricate knowledge of the terrain. They won the hearts and minds of the South Vietnamese people by living in their villages and helping them with their everyday lives. Their tunnel systems, booby-traps and jungle cover meant they were difficult to defeat and hard to find.
What tactics used by the Viet Cong made fighting difficult for US troops?
How did Vietcong troops frustrate the US soldiers? The Vietcong troops used ambushes, booby traps, and guerrilla tactics.
What military strategies did the US use against the Viet Cong?
What military strategies did the Americans use against the Vietcong? What military strategies did the Vietcong use against the Americans? Goerilla tactics—hit and run; booby traps and land mines. Funding for war led to higher taxes, inflation, hurt Great Society policies; total code of war was around $140 million.
Why did America lose the Vietnam War?
America “lost” South Vietnam because it was an artificial construct created in the wake of the French loss of Indochina. Because there never was an “organic” nation of South Vietnam, when the U.S. discontinued to invest military assets into that construct, it eventually ceased to exist.
Who were the Viet Cong fighting quizlet?
The Vietcong (or VC or the National Liberation Front) were the communist guerrilla soldiers fighting to overthrow South Vietnam. By 1964, there were over 1 Million Vietcong in the South and they were killing thousands of South Vietnamese officials and soldiers every year.