What was the original function of Jakarta?

Established in the fourth century as Sunda Kelapa, the city became an important trading port for the Sunda Kingdom. At one time, it was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies, when it was known as Batavia.

What was Jakarta originally called?

The Dutch name Batavia remained the internationally recognized name until full Indonesian independence was achieved and Djakarta was officially proclaimed the national capital (and its present name recognized) on December 27, 1949. Pre-1949 map of southern Sumatra and western Java showing Jakarta as Batavia.

Who created Jakarta?

Historical evidence from Jakarta dates back to the 4th century CE, when it was a Hindu settlement and port. The city has been sequentially claimed by the Indianized kingdom of Tarumanegara, the Hindu Kingdom of Sunda, the Muslim Sultanate of Banten, and by Dutch, Japanese and Indonesian administrations.

When did Batavia change Jakarta?

It was a colonial city for about 320 years until 1942, when the Dutch East Indies was occupied by Japan during World War II. During the Japanese occupation and after Indonesian nationalists declared independence on 17 August 1945, the city was known as Jakarta.

How did Jakarta become a megacity?

The Jakarta megacity. Like other megacities in Southeast Asia (Spreitzhofer, 2005), the Jakarta megacity has also grown rapidly. In 1980, the total population in the Greater Jakarta area was 11.4 million, and by 2018, it had increased to 34 million, with 10 million in the city of Jakarta.

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What is Jakarta well known for?

Jakarta is the country’s economic, cultural and political centre and the most populous city not only in Indonesia but in Southeast Asia as a whole. Although the city is known for its heavy traffic and high level of pollution it is filled with an exciting nightlife and vibrant shopping areas.

How would you describe Jakarta?

Jakarta is the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia. Jakarta is a huge, sprawling metropolis, home to over 10 million people with diverse ethnic group backgrounds from all over Indonesia. … In fact, Jakarta is a conglomeration of villages known as kampung, now crossed by main roads and superhighways.

What is the old name of Indonesia?

Formal Name: Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia; the word Indonesia was coined from the Greek indos—for India—and nesos—for island). Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

How old is Jakarta?

494 years
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