Frequent question: Why is the Philippines referred to as a Megadiversity hotspot?

It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.

Why is the Philippines recognized as the Megadiversity countries of the world?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.

Is Philippines a Megadiversity country?

The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.

What is Megadiversity hotspot?

Description. Megadiversity Countries is a term used to refer to the world’s top biodiversity-rich countries. This country-focused method raises national awareness for biodiversity conservation in nations with high biological diversity, with many species unique to a specific country.

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Why is it called biodiversity hotspots?

Biodiversity Is Unevenly Distributed Around the Globe. With the enormous number of species that exists on Earth, it is remarkable that the distribution of these species is so highly concentrated in specific areas. … These areas that are particularly important for biodiversity conservation are called biodiversity hotspots …

WHO recognizes Philippines as one of only 17 megadiverse countries in the world?

Despite the environmental degradation in the country, the Philippines remains one of the most megadiverse countries in the world. According to the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), a country needs to have at least 5,000 of the world’s plants as endemic species, and have a rich marine ecosystem within its borders.

Why are some countries called hotspots?

To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable. … In other words, it must be threatened.

What makes a country megadiverse?

Megadiversity means exhibiting great biodiversity. The main criterion for megadiverse countries is endemism at the level of species, genera and families. A megadiverse country must have at least 5,000 species of endemic plants and must border marine ecosystems.

What is the most megadiverse country?

The most megadiverse country in the world is Brazil due mainly to the presence of the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon has the most diverse plant and animal life on the planet, with many different life forms not being present anywhere else on earth.

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Which category of countries are classified as a Megadiversity nation?

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …

What is Megadiversity According to the World Atlas?

Megadiversity refers to the countries with a high total number of species including a significant percentage of endemic species. … According to Conservation International, an environmental non-profit, 70% of the world’s flora and fauna exist in only 17 countries.

WHO declared biodiversity hotspot?

The term ‘biodiversity hotspot’ was coined by Norman Myers (1988). He recognized 10 tropical forests as “hotspots” on the basis of extraordinary level of plant endemism and high level of habitat loss, without any quantitative criteria for the designation of “hotspot” status.