Indonesia’s vegetation is similar to that of the Philippines, Malaysia, and Papua New Guinea. There are some 40,000 species of flowering plants, including 5,000 species of orchids, as well as the monster flower (Rafflesia arnoldii [see Rafflesiaceae]), which is the world’s largest flower.
What type of vegetation is in Indonesia?
The distribution of Indonesian flora is dominated by the broadleaf evergreen forests. This is mostly seen in the regions where population density is still relatively low, such as Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi and West Papua. On Java and Bali the vegetation is dominated by cultivated plants.
What is the climate and vegetation of Indonesia?
The main variable of Indonesia’s climate is not temperature or air pressure, but rainfall. Split by the equator, indonesia has an almost entirely tropical climate, with the coastal plains averaging 28°C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26°C, and the higher mountain regions, 23°C.
What are some examples of vegetation?
Primeval redwood forests, coastal mangrove stands, sphagnum bogs, desert soil crusts, roadside weed patches, wheat fields, cultivated gardens and lawns; all are encompassed by the term vegetation.
What plants and animals live in Indonesia?
‘Endemic’ means found nowhere else in the world: endemic to Indonesia are two kinds of rhinoceros, one species of tiger, and orangutans. It is also home to Asian elephants, wild pigs, deer, gibbons, proboscis monkeys and other primates, and the smallest of the bears, the sun bear.
What is the vegetation of Malaysia?
The characteristic vegetation of Malaysia is dense evergreen rainforest. Rainforest still covers more than two-fifths of the peninsula and some two-thirds of Sarawak and Sabah; another fraction of the country is under swamp forest.
What is Indonesia known for?
Nowadays, Indonesia is famous for its diverse and multicultural islands, from deeply religious Aceh in the north; to the country’s center of government in Java; to the tropical paradise of Bali; and all the way down to the province of Papua on the border with independent Papua New Guinea.
Does Indonesia have 4 seasons?
Being a tropical country, Indonesia does not have spring, summer, autumn, or winter, instead of just the two seasons of Rainy and Dry, both of which are relative.
What is Indonesia’s national tree?
This symbol corresponds to the third Pancasila principle, the principle of “The Unity of Indonesia”.
What is the geography of Indonesia?
Indonesia is an archipelagic country located in Southeast Asia, lying between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
Geography of Indonesia.
|Highest point||Puncak Jaya (Carstensz Pyramid) 4,884 m (16,024 ft)|
|Lowest point||Sea level 0 m (0 ft)|
|Longest river||Kapuas River 1,143 km (710 mi)|
What are the 3 types of vegetation?
Scientists divide the Earth’s land into what are called vegetation regions. These areas have distinct types of plants, soil, and weather patterns. Vegetation regions can be divided into five major types: forest, grassland, tundra, desert, and ice sheet.
What are the 4 main types of vegetation?
Most of the United States can be divided into four main vegetation regions.
How many types of vegetation are there?
There are five major types of natural vegetation found in India- Tropical Evergreen, Deciduous, Dry Deciduous, Desert, Tidal and Mountain Forests.
Are there hippos in Indonesia?
The babirusa is a relative of the hippo and is generally found in the swamps and rainforests of Indonesian islands. They have a remarkable prehistoric appearance due to the notable appearance of the males’ tusks.
What is the flower of Indonesia?
National flower (Indonesian: Puspa bangsa) of Indonesia is Melati putih (Jasminum sambac)
What is the climate of Indonesia?
Indonesia’s climate is largely hot and humid, with rainfall occurring mostly in low-lying areas and mountainous regions experiencing cooler temperatures. The cities of Jakarta, Ujung Padang, Medan, Padang, and Balikpapan have an average minimum temperature of 22.8°C and a high of 30.2°C.