This article examines the role of the British jurist, Sir Ivor Jennings, in the drafting of the Malayan independence constitution. Jennings was part of a five-man constitutional com- mission appointed in 1956 and led by the Scottish lord of appeal, Lord Reid.
How was the Malaysian constitution formed?
The Constitution came into force on 27 August 1957 but formal independence was only achieved on 31 August however. … In the Federation, the Federal Constitution Ordinance 1957, passed on 27 August 1957 by the Federal Legislative Council of the Federation of Malaya formed under the Federation of Malaya Agreement 1948.
Who can amend the constitution in Malaysia?
The constitution can be altered through an amendment Act supported by two-thirds of the members of Parliament.
What is Malaysia constitutional law?
The Malaysian Federal Constitution is, in essence, a manual for our country and which covers essential rights and matters ranging from fundamental liberties, citizenship, elections, governance, public services and royalty.
Why was the Reid Commission formed in Malaysia?
In March 1956, an independent commission to draw up a constitution for a fully self-governing and independent Malaya was set up. … The commission was appropriately called the Reid Commission. The commission was to include a Canadian representative, but Canada’s nominee was unable to attend for reasons of ill health.
Why is the constitution important in Malaysia?
THE Federal Constitution of Malaysia is the supreme law of Malaysia, with the 1957 Constitution of the Federation of Malaya acting as the basis of this very important document. It establishes Malaysia as a constitutional monarchy, having the Yang di–Pertuan Agong as the Head of State — whose role is largely ceremonial.
Why is the constitution the highest law?
A constitution is the fundamental and supreme law of a country. It is sometimes called the mother of all laws because other laws are born from it and must be consistent with it. A constitution is a framework for governance that defines how the government is formed and run.
Who made the law in Malaysia?
In Malaysia system of government, Parliament has the power to enact laws. Because of that, the Federal Assembly can also be mended as the Parliament. Legislative power is granted in accordance with Article 44 of the Federal Constitution of the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong, the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Has amended meaning?
Something that’s been changed or revised is amended. An amended version of your English paper has been rewritten or edited in some way. … You could even say that the US Constitution is an amended document, as it’s been altered by many amendments over the years.
Who is the head of state in Malaysia?
Head of state
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong ( lit. ‘He Who is Made Lord’, Jawi: يڠ دڤرتوان اݢوڠ), also known as the Supreme Head or the King, is the constitutional monarch and head of state of Malaysia.
Who is the head of Islam in Malaysia?
Religion of the Federation
The states of Penang, Malacca, Sarawak, and Sabah do not have any sultan, but the king (Yang di-Pertuan Agong) plays the role of head of Islam in each of those states as well as in each of the Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur, Labuan, and Putrajaya.
Is Malaysia Shia or Sunni?
The official code of Islam in Malaysia is Sunni, and the practice of any other form of Islam is heavily restricted.
Does Malaysia have a written constitution?
The Federal Constitution of Malaysia and the USA Constitution is a written constitution. … In contrast, an unwritten constitution does not require special procedure as the rights of the people is an ordinary law that can be passed by the Parliament/legislative by the usual manner of law-making process.
Who led the Reid Council Constitution?
The constitutional commission was chaired by Lord Reid, a Lord of Appeal in the Ordinary in the (…) 16 Paper by Sir Ivor Jennings titled, “Constitutional changes implicit in the terms of reference.” 23 (…)
What are the 3 branches of the Malaysian government?
It also provides for the establishment and the organization of three branches of the government: the bicameral legislative branch (Parliament) which consists of the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) and the Senate (Dewan Negara); the executive branch led by the Prime Minister and Cabinet Ministers; and the …
It consists of His Majesty The King as the Head of State, The Senate and The House of Representatives. Article 55 of the Federal Constitution stipulates that only His Majesty The King can summon for Parliament to be in session. His Majesty also has the absolute power to prorogue or dissolve the Parliament.