Tropical reefs are the richest marine ecosystems on earth and those found in the Philippines boast a diversity of life and colour that is unparalleled. The Philippines is part of the Coral Triangle, the epicenter for marine biodiversity and what is considered the Amazon of the Sea.
What type of ecosystem is the Philippines?
The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines
|General Types (Higher Level)||Sub-types (Lower Level)|
|Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem||Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp|
|Saltwater/Marine Ecosystem||Mudflats Seagrass belts Coral reefs|
What are the 9 ecosystem in Philippines?
The Philippines & Sulu Sea Tropical Forests bioregion is part of the Indomalaya subrealm and is made up of nine ecoregions: Luzon Rainforests , Luzon Montane Rainforests , Luzon Tropical Pine Forests , Palawan Rainforests , Mindoro Rainforests , Greater Negros-Panay Rainforests , Mindanao-Eastern …
Why Philippines is called the global center for marine biodiversity?
The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.
What are ecosystem services in the Philippines?
The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services. It provides food, water, energy sources, pharmaceuticals, biomass fuels, carbon sequestration and climate regulation, crop pollination, cultural and spiritual inspiration and ecotourism value.
What do you mean by aquatic ecosystem?
An aquatic ecosystem is an ecosystem in and surrounding a body of water. … Communities of organisms that are dependent on each other and on their environment live in aquatic ecosystems.
What is the current condition of the ecosystem in the Philippines?
The Philippines is suffering from degradation of the natural environment. It has fifty major rivers now polluted due to abuse and neglect. Approximately two-thirds of the country’s original mangroves have been lost. A hundred years ago, the Philippines had close to 22 million hectares of old growth forest.
What factors describe aquatic ecosystem?
For aquatic ecosystems, these factors include light levels, water flow rate, temperature, dissolved oxygen, acidity (pH), salinity and depth. Light level is an important factor in aquatic ecosystems.
Which terrestrial ecosystem is typical in the Philippines and most countries in Southeast Asia?
The Luzon Rain Forests [IM0123] ecoregion is rich in endemic species and also contains one of the largest populations of the Philippine eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi. A high proportion of the ecoregion was originally forested, but now very little of this forest remains.
What are the different types of ecosystem?
The different types of the ecosystem include:
- Terrestrial ecosystem.
- Forest ecosystem.
- Grassland ecosystem.
- Desert ecosystem.
- Tundra ecosystem.
- Freshwater ecosystem.
- Marine ecosystem.
What is water pollution in the Philippines?
The discharge of domestic and industrial wastewater and agricultural runoff has caused extensive pollution of the receiving water-bodies. This effluent is in the form of raw sewage, detergents, fertilizer, heavy metals, chemical products, oils, and even solid waste.
What are coral reefs in the Philippines?
The coral reefs of the Philippines are the second-largest in Southeast Asia, covering 10,000 square miles (26,000 square kilometers). The reefs support extraordinary biodiversity, including more than 400 species of hard coral—12 of which are unique to the area—and more than 900 species of reef fish.
Is Philippines center of marine biodiversity?
The Philippines is located in a region called the Coral Triangle; an area of exceptional importance as it is recognized as the global center for marine biodiversity. Within this region, the Philippines is also known as the center of this center.
What is the biodiversity of the Philippines?
The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.
Why is Philippines included in the list of global hotspots?
The Philippines are of volcanic origin; a large part of the terrain is mountainous, with fertile soils and spectacular landscapes. The country is one of the few nations that is, in its entirety, both a hotspot and a megadiversity country, placing it among the top priority hotspots for global conservation.
Why is Philippines a biodiversity hotspot?
Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot
It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.