When was the Treaty of Singapore signed?

Signing the 1819 Treaty – On 6 February, 1819, a treaty was signed between Sir Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdul Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor, allowing the British East India Company (EIC) to set up a trading post in Singapore.

Who signed the 1824 Treaty of Friendship and Alliance?

Description Edited by NAS: Page 1 of 8 of the Record of the 1824 Treaty of Friendship and Alliance, signed on 2 August 1824 by the second British Resident Dr John Crawfurd, Sultan Hussein of Johor and the Temenggong Abdul Rahman. It ceded sovereignty of Singapore to the British East India Company.

Who really founded Singapore?

Modern Singapore was founded in the 19th century, thanks to politics, trade and a man known as Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles.

Who signed the 1824 Anglo Dutch Treaty?

The signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty between Great Britain and the Netherlands in London on 17 March 1824 was primarily a settlement of a long period of territorial and trade disputes between the two countries in Southeast Asia.

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Who founded Singapore in 1819?

They were namely Sir Stamford Raffles, the recognised founder of Modern Singapore, William Farquhar and John Crawfurd, the first two Residents of Singapore.

What did the British do to develop Singapore as a settlement?

In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, ultimately leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1867. During World War II, Singapore was conquered and occupied by the Japanese Empire from 1942 to 1945.

Who signed the treaty of friendship with British?

The Treaty of Friendship and Alliance was signed on April 8, 1740, between King Edward I of the Miskito Nation and the British. Based on the terms of the treaty, King Edward relinquished his kingdom to King George II in return for British military protection.

Is William Farquhar the real founder of Singapore?

Widely recognized as the founder of the port city of Singapore, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles’ (1781-1826) path to Singapore wasn’t effortless as one might imagine; and the recounting of his contribution would not be accurate without mentioning the other founder – William Farquhar (1774-1839), a native born Scotsman.

Why Singapore was chosen as a British port?

Not only did it have abundant drinking water and a natural sheltered harbour formed by the mouth of the Singapore River, the island was also strategically placed along the British trade route leading to the Straits of China.

What is Singapore old name?

Sometime in the 14th century the name was changed to Singapura, which is now rendered as Singapore in English. Singapura means “Lion City” in Sanskrit, and Sang Nila Utama is usually credited with naming the city, although its actual origin is uncertain.

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When was the Anglo-Dutch treaty signed?

The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, also known as the Treaty of London, was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in London on 17 March 1824. The treaty was to resolve disputes arising from the execution of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814.

When was the treaty of Friendship and Alliance signed?

The Treaty of Friendship and Alliance was signed on 6 February 1819 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, representing the British East India Company (EIC) and Singapore’s Malay rulers, Sultan Hussein and the Temenggong Abdul Rahman.

Why was the treaty of Friendship and Alliance signed?

Reasons for the treaty

This sharing of power created problems for the British, with the key issue being the distribution of revenue. Crawfurd thought that the money allocated to the sultan and temenggong, relative to their contributions to Singapore’s growth from revenue farms and port dues, was disproportionate.

What was traded in Singapore before 1819?


Towards the end of the 14th century, Vietnamese and Thai ceramics entered the trade market in Singapore. Temasek or Singapura was attacked in the late 14th century and the hill settlement was abandoned after 1400.

Why is Raffles the true founder of Singapore?

Eventually Raffles settled on the island of Singapore, because of its position at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula, near the Straits of Malacca, and its excellent natural harbor, fresh water supplies, and timber for repairing ships. Most importantly, it was unoccupied by the Dutch.

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