Syonan (Japanese: 昭南, Hepburn: Shōnan, Kunrei-shiki: Syônan), officially Syonan-to (Japanese: 昭南島, Hepburn: Shōnan-tō, Kunrei-shiki: Syônan-tô) was the name for Singapore when it was occupied and ruled by the Empire of Japan, following the fall and surrender of British military forces on 15 February 1942 during World …
What was Singapore originally known as?
Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.
What was Singapore called during Japanese occupation?
Singapore was renamed Syonan-to during the Japanese Occupation (1942 – 1945).
What was Singapore called in 1819?
POLITICAL CONNECTIONS When the British arrived in Singapore in 1819, they found relics dating back to the 14th century. Singapura, as it was called at the time, was connected by trade and politics to not only the Malay Archipelago, but also Siam (Thailand), China and India.
How was Singapore founded?
Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British Empire. In 1867, the colonies in Southeast Asia were reorganised and Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements.
What was Singapore called before independence?
The name Temasek is also given in Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals), which contains a tale of the founding of Temasek by a prince of Srivijaya, Sri Tri Buana (also known as Sang Nila Utama) in the 13th century.
How did Singapore get her name?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
Why is Singapore called Shonan?
The Japanese occupied Singapore from 1942 until 1945. They designated it the capital of Japan’s southern region and renamed it Shonan, meaning “Light of the South” in Japanese. … The 600 Malay and 45,000 Indian troops were assembled by the Japanese and urged to transfer their allegiance to the emperor of Japan.
When did the Japanese occupation of Singapore start?
In July 1941, when Japanese troops occupied French Indochina, the Japanese telegraphed their intentions to transfer Singapore from the British to its own burgeoning empire. … On February 8, 5,000 Japanese troops landed on Singapore Island.
What was Singapore before it was Singapore?
The Colony of Singapore was a British Crown colony that existed from 1946 and succeeded by the State of Singapore in 1959. When the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies at the end of World War II, Singapore was returned to the British in 1945.
Who founded Singapore before 1819?
It serves as an indicator of the Majapahit’s existence and a reminder that in the 14th century, the island of Singapore was under the political and cultural ambit of the Majapahit Empire before the British arrived in 1819.
Why did Malaysia kick out Singapore?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
When Did Chinese come to Singapore?
Chinese migration to Singapore began in the early nineteenth century and was the result of various push-pull factors. The Chinese who came were mostly from the southern provinces of Kwangtung and Fukien, two provinces that were more receptive to migrating because of their early contact with the British tea traders.
Who is the true founder of Singapore?
Sir Stamford Raffles, in full Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, (born July 6, 1781, at sea, off Port Morant, Jam. —died July 5, 1826, London, Eng.), British East Indian administrator and founder of the port city of Singapore (1819), who was largely responsible for the creation of Britain’s Far Eastern empire.
Who are the natives of Singapore?
Recognised as the indigenous people of the country, the group is defined as Singaporean who is of Malay ethnicity or, whose ancestry originates from the Malay world. Local Malay Singaporeans constitute 15% of the country’s citizens, making them the second largest ethnic group in Singapore after Chinese Singaporeans.