Since independence, criminal law has been codified for all of Indonesia. Civil law, however, has continued to be based largely on adat, which varies from one region and ethnic group to another. There are four judicial spheres (for general, religious, military, and administrative matters), each with its own courts.
What is the legal system of Indonesia?
Indonesia implements a mixed legal system with the civil law system as the main legal system adopted from the Dutch colonial law. Indonesia also recognises the customary legal system (sistem hukum adat) and religious legal system (Islamic sharia law).
Is Indonesia common law or civil law?
The Indonesian legal system is a Civil Law system rather than a Common Law system (The Common Law System is found chiefly in Australia, England, America and other former British colonies).
Does Indonesia have a rule of law?
Amendment of Indonesian Constitution, UUD 1945, confirms that “Indonesia is a rule of law country”, yet does not explicitly put Pancasila in the wording. … Basically, there are three principles that shall exist in a rule of law country, namely: supremacy of law, equality before the law and due process of law.
What is the country’s legal system?
The contemporary national legal systems are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these. However, the legal system of each country is shaped by its unique history and so incorporates individual variations.
Before the Dutch colonisation in the sixteenth century, indigenous kingdoms ruled the archipelago independently with their own custom laws, known as adat. … Dutch presence and subsequent occupation of Indonesia for 350 years has left a legacy of Dutch colonial law, largely in the Indonesia civil code.
What is legal system?
Definition. A legal system is a procedure or process for interpreting and enforcing the law.
What things are illegal in Indonesia?
11 Things You Should Never, Ever Do in Indonesia
- Never joke about race, religion, and ethnicity. …
- Never underestimate how spicy a meal can be. …
- Do not drink alcohol or play card games in public places. …
- Do not drink tap water. …
- Don’t do drugs. …
- Don’t forget to say thank you. …
- Don’t disrupt the wildlife. …
- Don’t ignore local customs.
Who makes Indonesian law?
The Indonesian House of Representatives has the power to make laws. Every bill is deliberated by the House, together with the President, for a joint approval. The bills may come from the House, the President, or the Regional Representative Council (DPD).
What is the legal age in Indonesia?
The Age of Consent in Indonesia is 16 years old. The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity.
Does Indonesia have capital punishment?
Indonesia, like its regional neighbours in Southeast Asia, has supported capital punishments for decades, particularly for drug-related offences.
How many lawyers are there in Indonesia?
According to the 2011 membership data of Indonesia’s only recognized bar association, Perhimpunan Advokat Indonesia (PERADI), the number of lawyers in Indonesia is 23.075, which is a very low number considering the size of Indonesia’s population (currently estimated at 249 million).
How are rights protected in Indonesia?
Human rights in Indonesia are defined by the 1945 Constitution (UUD 1945) and the laws under it; several rights are guaranteed especially as a result of the constitutional amendments following the Reform era. … Actions by the government of Indonesia have been noted as concerning by advocates for human rights.
Who has the best legal system in the world?
Denmark, Norway, and Finland topped the WJP Rule of Law Index rankings in 2020. Venezuela, Cambodia, and DR Congo had the lowest overall rule of law scores—the same as in 2019. Countries in the top ten of the Index in overall rule of law score remain unchanged since our last report in 2019.
What are the 3 legal systems?
It elaborates the rights and responsibilities in a variety of ways. Three major legal systems of the world consist of civil law, common law and religious law. Other legal systems are: Jury system is a legal system for determining the facts at issue in a lawsuit.
What are the three major legal systems in the world?
Types of Legal Systems
Legal systems do fall into groups or patterns with some similar features within each group. Among the main groups that you might encounter are: 1) common law; 2) civil law; 3) religious law; and 4) customary law.