Since independence, criminal law has been codified for all of Indonesia. Civil law, however, has continued to be based largely on adat, which varies from one region and ethnic group to another. There are four judicial spheres (for general, religious, military, and administrative matters), each with its own courts.
What legal system does Indonesia have?
Indonesia implements a mixed legal system with the civil law system as the main legal system adopted from the Dutch colonial law. Indonesia also recognises the customary legal system (sistem hukum adat) and religious legal system (Islamic sharia law).
Does Indonesia have a rule of law?
Amendment of Indonesian Constitution, UUD 1945, confirms that “Indonesia is a rule of law country”, yet does not explicitly put Pancasila in the wording. … Basically, there are three principles that shall exist in a rule of law country, namely: supremacy of law, equality before the law and due process of law.
What is the country’s legal system?
The contemporary national legal systems are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these. However, the legal system of each country is shaped by its unique history and so incorporates individual variations.
What are the major types of legal systems?
There are generally considered to be five legal systems in the world today: civil law, common law, customary law, religious law, and mixed legal systems.
Before the Dutch colonisation in the sixteenth century, indigenous kingdoms ruled the archipelago independently with their own custom laws, known as adat. … Dutch presence and subsequent occupation of Indonesia for 350 years has left a legacy of Dutch colonial law, largely in the Indonesia civil code.
What is legal system?
Definition. A legal system is a procedure or process for interpreting and enforcing the law.
What things are illegal in Indonesia?
11 Things You Should Never, Ever Do in Indonesia
- Never joke about race, religion, and ethnicity. …
- Never underestimate how spicy a meal can be. …
- Do not drink alcohol or play card games in public places. …
- Do not drink tap water. …
- Don’t do drugs. …
- Don’t forget to say thank you. …
- Don’t disrupt the wildlife. …
- Don’t ignore local customs.
What is the legal age in Indonesia?
The Age of Consent in Indonesia is 16 years old. The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity.
Who makes Indonesian law?
The Indonesian House of Representatives has the power to make laws. Every bill is deliberated by the House, together with the President, for a joint approval. The bills may come from the House, the President, or the Regional Representative Council (DPD).
What are the 3 legal systems?
It elaborates the rights and responsibilities in a variety of ways. Three major legal systems of the world consist of civil law, common law and religious law. Other legal systems are: Jury system is a legal system for determining the facts at issue in a lawsuit.
Is there an international legal system?
The international legal system is the foundation for the conduct of international relations. It is this system that regulates state actions under international law. … Since 1945 the international legal system has been dominated by the United Nations and the structures that were established as part of that organisation.
Who has the best legal system in the world?
Denmark, Norway, and Finland topped the WJP Rule of Law Index rankings in 2020. Venezuela, Cambodia, and DR Congo had the lowest overall rule of law scores—the same as in 2019.
Which countries have a common law legal system?
Common law was introduced in countries colonized by the British, and it applies today in territories such as India, Malaysia and Singapore. Civil law was spread through colonizers such as the French and the Dutch to territories like Indochina and Indonesia.
Which countries have an adversarial legal system?
In most common law countries e.g. Wales, England and the United States of America, a system of justice called the adversarial system is used. This is totally different from the inquisitorial system that is used particularly in many European countries and continental jurisdictions.
What are the two types of legal systems?
As lawyers know, legal systems in countries around the world generally fall into one of two main categories: common law systems and civil law systems.