The last draft call was on December 7, 1972, and the authority to induct expired on June 30, 1973. The date of the last drawing for the lottery was on March 12, 1975. Registration with the Selective Service System was suspended on April 1, 1975, and registrant processing was suspended on January 27, 1976.
When did drafts start for the Vietnam War?
On December 1, 1969, the first draft lottery since 1942 began, but college deferments were kept intact. Anti-war activists recognized the draft lottery system did not produce truly random results. The draft received even more resistance as dissenters became more frustrated with the system.
Why did the draft end in 1973?
The fourth incarnation of the draft came into being in 1940 through the Selective Training and Service Act. It was the country’s first peacetime draft. … Active conscription came to an end in 1973 when the United States Armed Forces moved to an all-volunteer military.
How did the Vietnam draft work before 1969?
The lottery changed the way men were drafted in two ways: The lottery altered the dates year to year. Also, prior to 1969, older men — those closer to age 26 — were more likely to be drafted. … With the institution of the lottery, 19-year-olds were the first to be called. The last draft call took place in December 1972.
When did the military draft begin and end?
Between 1948 and 1973, men were drafted into the armed forces in both peacetime and conflict periods.
What ages were drafted in Vietnam?
Before the lottery was implemented in the latter part of the Vietnam conflict, there was no system in place to determine order of call besides the fact that men between the ages of 18 and 26 were vulnerable to being drafted. Local boards called men classified 1-A, 18-1/2 through 25 years old, oldest first.
How long did draftees serve in Vietnam?
The draft was far from ideal as a source of military manpower. Because draftees served only for two years, it was not worthwhile putting them through long training programs. The technical specialties had to be filled with volunteers.
Who was the last man drafted in 1973?
On June 30, 1973, Dwight Elliott Stone, a 24-year-old apprentice plumber from Sacramento, Calif., became the last person to be inducted into the armed forces as a result of the draft.
What number did the Vietnam draft get to?
Draft age men were assigned a number between 1 and 366, depending on their birthday. The lowest numbers were called first. This was all entirely at random. Of course, that didn’t stop some of those who were called to service from further avoiding Selective Service.
Who was exempt from the Vietnam draft?
1. Be a Conscientious Objector. Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mennonites, the Amish, and Quakers are all considered Peace Churches who are opposed to any kind of military service. They were allowed to serve in other ways, however, but in a civilian capacity.
Did high school seniors get drafted to Vietnam?
Of those, 1.8 million men were drafted, but not all went to Vietnam. … A high school student could defer being drafted until he graduated or reached the age of 20, whichever came first. A college student could defer the draft on a year-to-year basis provided he made satisfactory academic progress.
Was the Vietnam draft fair?
The draft for the Vietnam War brought with it anxiety and anger to many American households. … The draft was viewed as unequal because the working class man’s only choice was to go to war, while the wealthy men would go to college or enlist in the National Guard.
How did the draft work in 1967?
Answer: Those already accepted for a graduate school by Oct. 1, 1967, will be deferred for one year and then become vulnerable to the draft. Those with one year toward a master’s degree will be deferred for one more year to get their degrees. What is this?
Why did the US draft for Vietnam?
Origins. The lottery of 1969 was conceived to address perceived inequities in the draft system as it existed previously, and to add more military personnel towards the Vietnam War. … By the end of 1965, President Johnson had sent 82,000 troops to Vietnam, and his military advisors wanted another 175,000.
How long was a tour of duty in Vietnam?
All US military personnel serving in Vietnam during the Vietnam War were eligible for one R&R during their tour of duty (13 months for marines, 12 months for soldiers, sailors, airmen).
What were the chances of being drafted in Vietnam?
Considering the “draft age” and the demographics of the 18 – 24 year old age cohort, your odds on actually getting drafted during the Vietnam era were probably lower than 5% (on a cohort wide basis). During WWII (which was probably the “height of drafting”) your odds on getting drafted might have been as high as 10%.