Colonialism also produced a physical transformation in Vietnamese cities. Traditional local temples, pagodas, monuments and buildings, some of which had stood for a millennium, were declared derelict and destroyed. Buildings of French architecture and style were erected in their place.
How did the Vietnamese react to French colonialism?
French colonists and the heads of ‘bandits’ (Vietnamese rebels). The French were not the first conquerors of Vietnam, so the Vietnamese people were no strangers to resisting foreign domination. Vietnamese resistance to French colonialism was energetic and determined, if not always successful.
Why did France colonize Vietnam?
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.
How did the Vietnamese resistance the French?
In December 1946, Vietminh forces attacked French garrisons, and during the ensuing years guerrilla activity increased in the countryside. … They were led by General Vo Nguyen Giap (1912- ), who launched an attack on March 13, 1954, against the strategic French stronghold at Dienbienphu in northwestern Vietnam.
What happened to the French in Vietnam?
On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, the French pulled out of the region. … The United States would not pull out of Vietnam for another twenty years.
Did the French colonize Vietnam?
Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. (Laos was added in 1893.) The French lost control of their colony briefly during World War II, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam.
What was one result of French rule in Vietnam quizlet?
What was one result of French rule in Vietnam? Vietnamese rulers were given impressive-sounding, but meaningless, positions. Empress Cixi had him arrested.
What was Vietnam called when it was a French colony?
From the late 1800’s to 1954, Vietnam was part of a French colony called French Indochina. When the French first became interested in Indochina French missionaries sought to convert the Vietnamese to Catholicism, the religion of France.
Who led resistance to French colonization and oppression in Vietnam?
A new national movement arose in the early 20th century. Its most prominent spokesman was Phan Boi Chau, with whose rise the old traditionalist opposition gave way to a modern nationalist leadership that rejected French rule but not Western ideas, science, and technology.
How did the Vietnamese defeat the French?
As the Viet Minh anti-aircraft fire took its toll, fewer and fewer of those supplies reached the French. The garrison was overrun in May after a two-month siege, and most of the French forces surrendered.
What was the outcome of the war for France and for Vietnam?
The French Indochina War broke out in 1946 and went on for eight years, with France’s war effort largely funded and supplied by the United States. Finally, with their shattering defeat by the Viet Minh at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954, the French came to the end of their rule in Indochina.
How many French were killed in Vietnam?
The French dead in Vietnam numbered 55,000, nearly as many as the 58,000 Americans killed there, though France has one-fifth the population of the United States. France’s eight-year war officially began 50 years ago today.