What is the most common crop plant in Indonesia?

The main staple food crop in Indonesia is rice, which is produced mainly in irrigated or lowland systems. The other food crops are called palawija or secondary crops because they are usually grown after lowland rice, the first crop in the one-year crop rotation system.

What major crops are grown in Indonesia?

The major food crops, ranked by area harvested, are rice, corn, cassava, soybeans and peanuts. Indonesia is also one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of tree crops such as rubber, copra, palm kernels, palm oil, coffee, cocoa and spices (Ministry of Agriculture, 2001).

What is Indonesia the largest producer of?

Currently, Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of palm oil and the leading producer of coffee, rubber and cocoa.

What is the most common type of crop?

According to USDA Economic Research Service (ERS), the top 10 produce crops in the U.S. are:

  • Corn. It is the most widely produced feed grain in the United States, the majority of which goes towards feeding livestock. …
  • Cotton. …
  • Fruit. …
  • Tree Nuts. …
  • Rice. …
  • Soybean and Oil Crops. …
  • Sugar and Sweeteners. …
  • Vegetables.
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What are the main crop plants?

Important food crops

Crop 2000 2013
Sugarcane 1,256,380 1,877,110
Maize 592,479 1,016,740
Rice 599,355 745,710
Wheat 585,691 713,183

What is the main agriculture of Indonesia?


Food Crop Area Harvested (ha) Total Production (metric tons)
Wet paddy rice 8,755.721 37,027.443a
Dryland rice 1,146.572 2,005.502a
Maize 2,439.966 4,329.503
Cassava 1,291.845 14,057.027

What is Indonesia most known for?

Nowadays, Indonesia is famous for its diverse and multicultural islands, from deeply religious Aceh in the north; to the country’s center of government in Java; to the tropical paradise of Bali; and all the way down to the province of Papua on the border with independent Papua New Guinea.

Where are the main crops grown in Indonesia?

The agricultural environment in Indonesia is divided largely by geography and altitude, with intensive food crop production occurring on the inner islands (Java, Bali, Lombok and Madura) while less-intensive perennial cropping systems (estate crops of oil palm, sugar, rubber, cocoa, coffee, tea) predominate on the …

What vegetables are grown in Indonesia?

The major vegetables cultivated in Indonesia (besides mushrooms) and their average yields are cabbages (22.4 t/ha), chilli (4.7 to 6.4 t/ha), potato (16.4 t/ha), shallot and onions (8.8 t/ha), and tomato (12.6 t/ha) (White et al., 2007). The production of vegetables increased during the last decade (Figure 1).

What is the official name of Indonesia?

Formal Name: Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia; the word Indonesia was coined from the Greek indos—for India—and nesos—for island). Short Form: Indonesia.

What is the number 1 crop in the world?

1. Corn. The rundown: Corn is the most produced grain in the world.

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What are the 6 types of crops?

The crops are classified mainly into six groups.

  • Food Crops: These food crops are harvested and consumed for daily purposes by human beings. …
  • Feed Crops: Feed crops are harvested to feed livestock like a cow, goats, etc. …
  • Fiber Crops: …
  • Oil Crops: …
  • Ornamental Crop: …
  • Industrial Crops:

What crop is worth the most?

Rice was the most valuable agricultural crop in the world in 2016.

List of most valuable crops and livestock products.

Crop Rice, paddy
Global gross production value in billion USD $332
Global production in metric tons 751,885,117
Country with highest gross production value in billion USD $117 (Mainland China)

What are the 7 major food crops?

Cassava, maize, plantains, potatoes, rice, sorghum, soybeans, sweet potatoes, wheat, and yams are some of the leading food crops around the world.

What is the most important plant?

Table 16 Most Important Plant Species in The World Based on FAOSTAT in 2019

No Commodity Name Production in 2019
1 Sugarcane 1,949,310,108
2 Maize 1,148,487,291
3 Paddy 755,473,800

Is rice a crop?

U.S. long-grain rice production is concentrated in the South (Arkansas grows approximately 56-58 percent of the U.S. long-grain crop.) California is the main producer of medium-grain rice, growing 69-76 percent of the crop, although Arkansas grows a substantial amount of medium-grain, especially in years when …