Indochina, also called (until 1950) French Indochina or French Indochine Française, the three countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union.
How many countries are in Indochina?
Indochina comprises five countries: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. These coun- tries share natural resources centering on the Mekong River, which flows from north to south through the center of the Indochinese peninsula, and are closely related economically, culturally and historically.
Why is it called French Indochina?
Vietnamese were forced to surrender control over their land and to provide the French with special privileges. The French also took part in wars between rival Vietnamese factions. … In time, France had extended its control to encompass Laos, North and South Vietnam, and Cambodia, which they called French Indochina.
Which countries made up French Indochina and for what reasons?
France obtained control over northern Vietnam following its victory over China in the Sino-French War (1884–85). French Indochina was formed on 17 October 1887 from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam) and the Kingdom of Cambodia; Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893.
Was Vietnam a French colony?
Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. (Laos was added in 1893.) The French lost control of their colony briefly during World War II, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam.
What three countries have since been carved out of Indochina?
French Indochina was split into three countries: Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
Is Singapore part of Indochina?
Some people consider the entire mainland Southeast Asia (Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia and to an extent Singapore) as Indochina.
Was Cuba colonized by France?
French Colonization in Cuba, 1791-1809.
Why did Japan invade French Indochina?
The main objective of the Japanese was to prevent China from importing arms and fuel through French Indochina along the Kunming–Hai Phong Railway, from the Indochinese port of Haiphong, through the capital of Hanoi to the Chinese city of Kunming in Yunnan.
When did Japan invade French Indochina?
Korea, and Tailei are not countries which comprise the Indochina region, therefore this could not be answered for this question. The territories were brought under french colonial administration in the 19th century, now comprising the independent nations of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
How did the French justify their takeover of Indochina?
The French justified their imperialism with a ‘civilising mission’, a pledge to develop backward nations. … Vietnamese land was seized by the French and collectivised into large rice and rubber plantations. Local farmers were forced to labour on these plantations in difficult and dangerous conditions.
What is Indochina now called?
Mainland Southeast Asia, also known as the Indochinese Peninsula or Indochina, is the continental portion of Southeast Asia. … The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today’s Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam).
Did France colonize Algeria?
The French invaded Algeria in 1830. This was the first colonisation of an Arab country since the days of the Crusades and it came as a great shock to the Arab nation.
Who colonized China?
From history, it can be known that China is a country which has been colonized by several nations such as Britain and Germany. Though there was a time with weakness and invasion of other countries, China recently became one of the countries that have the speediest development in the world.
Do Vietnamese still speak French?
No, not many Vietnamese speak French nowadays. The only ones that do are students who are learning French as a foreign language. However French is not as popular anymore because English, Japanese, Chinese and increasingly Korean are become more popular.