Quick Answer: What are three endemic species found in the Mekong river system?

How many species of fish are in Mekong?

Rainboth (1996) recorded 475 species from Cambodia and estimated that the Mekong “has about 1200 species of fish” (p.

Fishes of the Mekong – how many species are there?

Freshwater only: 539 species
Brackish and marine: 115 species
Marine: 48 species

What fish are caught in the Mekong River?

Among the species of the Mekong are some of the world’s most charismatic fish including four to the world’s largest: Giant freshwater stingray Himantura chaophraya (up to 600kg) Mekong giant catfish Pangasianodon gigas (up to 350kg) Giant pangasius Catlocarpio siamensis (up to 300kg)

Are there sharks in the Mekong River?

Distribution and habitat

Iridescent sharks originate from the large rivers Chao Phraya and Mekong in Asia, though they have been introduced into other rivers for aquaculture.

What is the biggest fish in the Mekong River?

The Mekong giant catfish is the largest freshwater fish, a species endemic to the Mekong River that migrates huge distances to spawn.

Is it safe to swim in the Mekong River?

Despite concerns about competiting in the Mekong’s murky waters, organizers were keen to point out that while there is always a slight risk associated with swimming in rivers, the cloudy waters of the Mekong are a result of fine sediment floating in the water, rather than high levels of pollution.

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Why is the Mekong River important?

The Mekong River connects China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam physically and economically. The river is a lifeline for the entire basin, sustaining economies and livelihoods across the entire region.

Is the Mekong river polluted?

The Mekong is one of the most polluted rivers in the world, transporting an estimated 40 thousand tonnes of plastic into the world’s oceans each year. … Understanding how plastic flows along the Mekong into the ocean is key to reducing its impact.

What is a giant fish?

In scientific terms, a species must be capable of growing to at least two metres in length or 100kg in weight to qualify as a giant fish.

Is the Mekong River freshwater?

The Mekong river basin is the largest inland fishery on the planet, accounting for around a quarter of the world’s freshwater catch, worth more than US$3 billion a year.

Is Shark a cat fish?

Among the 30-odd members of this family is the plant-eating, endangered Mekong giant catfish Pangasianodon gigas, one of the largest known freshwater fish.

Shark catfish.

Shark catfish Temporal range: Miocene–Recent PreꞒ Ꞓ O S D C P T J K Pg N
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes

Can we eat iridescent shark?

Iridescent shark becomes extremely large and it requires proper sized tanks.

Keeping in a tank.

Scientific Name Pangasianodon hypophthalmus
Tank size 220 gallons and more
Temperament Peaceful
Tank type Community of large fishes
Diet Omnivorous

Is Pangasius a shark?

Pangasius, or Iridescent shark, is one of several species of shark catfish. These fish are not sharks, but rather catfish that bear some resemblance to sharks. Another name used is “Swai”, but this is actually a close relative, not the same fish.

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Can you eat Mekong catfish?

It is now illegal in Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia to harvest the critically endangered species, though giant catfishes still are illicitly caught, with some sold to restaurants in Vietnam.

How old can a catfish live?

If you thought catfish has big strong teeth because it is omnivorous and can eat a variety of food, you were wrong. … Their teeth are very small and they are dense. Their teeth resemble very hard sandpaper. They are abrasive and tilted inwards, so it’s easier to get into cattish mouth than out.