France obtained control over northern Vietnam following its victory over China in the Sino-French War (1884–85). French Indochina was formed on 17 October 1887 from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam) and the Kingdom of Cambodia; Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893.
Why did Vietnam become a French protectorate?
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.
When did French take over Vietnam?
Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. (Laos was added in 1893.) The French lost control of their colony briefly during World War II, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam.
When did Vietnam become a French protectorate in 1884?
A Treaty of Protectorate, signed at the August 1883 Harmand Convention, established a French protectorate over North and Central Vietnam and formally ended Vietnam’s independence. In June 1884, Vietnamese scholar-officials were forced to sign the Treaty of Hue, which confirmed the Harmand Convention agreement.
What actions did France take to consolidate her position in Indochina?
In 1887, French Indo-China was formed. 3⃣ In the following decades the French sought to consolidate their position by building canals and draining lands in the Mekong delta to increase cultivation. 4⃣Trans Indo-China rail network was constructed. 5⃣Civilising Mission was started to make Vietnamese modern.
Why did the French lose in Vietnam?
The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. … The events of WWII, including the defeat, humiliation and compromise of the French, galvanized the revolutionary movements.
How did Vietnam defeat the French?
On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, the French pulled out of the region. … The United States would not pull out of Vietnam for another twenty years.
How long was Vietnam under French control?
The French colonisation of Vietnam began in earnest in the 1880s and lasted six decades. The French justified their imperialism with a ‘civilising mission’, a pledge to develop backward nations.
How did Vietnam fight for independence from France?
When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam. … In response, the Viet Minh launched an attack against the French in Hanoi on December 19, 1946—the beginning of the First Indochina War.
Why did France want Indochina?
Vietnam was not even a place one could find on a map. … From the late 1800’s to 1954, Vietnam was part of a French colony called French Indochina. When the French first became interested in Indochina French missionaries sought to convert the Vietnamese to Catholicism, the religion of France.
What is the primary reason why France wanted to regulate other countries trade?
What was the primary reason why France wanted to regulate other countries’ trade? The French wanted to ensure that they had control over the actions of other, less desirable countries. The map shows French expansion in the 1900s.
How did the Can Vuong fight against French control in Vietnam?
2. The first notable anti-French resistance group was the royalist Can Vuong, which formed in Annam in the mid-1880s and had the young emperor Ham Nghi as its figurehead. 3. Can Vuong found fighting the French military difficult so instead targeted Vietnamese converts to Christianity.
When was the Tonkin Free School started?
In 1907, the Tonkin Free School was started, the main reason to start school was to provide a western-style education. According to the French, the Vietnamese would become civilized only by adopting the western education system. Science, hygiene, and French were taught to the students.
When did Cochin China become a French colony?
Cochinchina was a French overseas territory from 1946 to 1949, when it merged officially with Vietnam.
Which school started a major protest against French medium school and why?
Answer: The major protest erupted in Saigon Native School in 1926, in Vietnam, when a Vietnamese girl sitting in the front seat was asked to move to the back for a local French student to occupy the front bench to which she refused and was expelled by the Principal.