How many percent of biodiversity is located in the Philippines?

The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.

What are the biodiversity in the Philippines?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.

What is the percentage of biodiversity?

Global biodiversity is the measure of biodiversity on planet Earth and is defined as the total variability of life forms. More than 99 percent of all species that ever lived on Earth are estimated to be extinct.

Known species.

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Major/Component group
Rhodophyta
Described 6,097
Global estimate (described + undescribed)

What are the biodiversity hotspot in the Philippines?

Philippines is also located in the heart of the Coral Triangle, which is the world’s center of marine biodiversity. This makes the Philippines the center of the center of the marine biodiversity. This particular place is the Verde island passage that sits between Batangas and Mindoro.

What are the biodiversity issues in the Philippines?

Because of the isolation of some of the islands of the Philippines since the Pleistocene era, Philippine forests are home to numerous endemic life forms. Rapid deforestation, transformation of mangrove swamps, and destruction of coral reefs all point to significant loss of biodiversity.

Why does the Philippines harbor such diversity?

Why do the Philippines harbor such diversity? The answer lies in the islands’ geology. Entirely surrounded by tropical seas, the Philippines are separated from the Asian landmass by hundreds of miles of open water in most directions.

How many endemic species are there in the Philippines?

The Philippines has more than 280 inland fish, including nine endemic genera and more than 65 endemic species, many of which are confined to single lakes.

Where is most of the world’s biodiversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

What percentage of the total 5% biodiversity of the earth is found in India?

India is one of 17 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. With only 2.4 percent of the earth’s land area, it accounts for 7-8 percent of the world’s recorded species.

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Where are many critical biodiversity hotspots located?

Tropical forests are typically biodiversity hotspots and are usually filled with endemic species. The Upper Amazonia/Guyana Shield, the Congo Basin, and the New Guinea/Melanesian Islands have the highest number of endemic terrestrial (land-living) species on Earth [6].

How many percent of the Philippine Forest can be found in Mindanao?

65% of the region is broadleaf evergreen closed forest, 15% is other closed forest, 13% is open forest, and 6% is herbaceous cover.

Which ecosystem are found in the Philippines?

The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines

General Types (Higher Level) Sub-types (Lower Level)
Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp
Saltwater/Marine Ecosystem Mudflats Seagrass belts Coral reefs
Special Ecosystems Caves

How many species are in the Philippines?

Fish numbers include 3,172 marine and 351 freshwater species, with approximately 121 species – mostly freshwater ones – being endemic.

Philippine Species: A Unique and Distinct Multitude.

Total
Known/Described Species 1260
Endemic Species 611
Threatened Species 207

Why the Philippine biodiversity is endangered?

The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.

Why is the Philippines known to have one of the richest marine biodiversity in the world?

The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.

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How many islands does the Philippines have?

Located in the Pacific Ocean near the equator, the Republic of the Philippines consists of around 7,640 islands — about 2,000 of which are inhabited — that form an archipelago.