The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas. India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon. Agriculture, for example, relies on the yearly rain. Many areas in these countries do not have large irrigation systems surrounding lakes, rivers, or snowmelt areas.
What is an effect of monsoons on parts of East Asia?
The monsoon influences weather patterns as far north as Siberia, causing wet summers that contrast with the cold and dry winters caused by the Siberian High, which counterbalances the monsoon’s effect on northerly latitudes.
How do monsoons affect the culture and the economy of South Asia?
With the increase in individual income from a successful harvest, government can spend less on public assistance programs including welfare and subsidies on things like fuel. Power is also generated from the monsoons, with the water power from the rains being converted into electricity.
What are the effects of monsoons to the environment?
Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. 3.2 C). However, seasonal monsoon rains can also provide freshwater for drinking and crop irrigation.
Why monsoon is important in South and Southeast Asia?
As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean heads towards South Asia; the summer monsoon brings humidity and torrential rainfall. The South Asia monsoon season is vital for agriculture and livelihoods in the region. … When the summer monsoon is delayed or not strong, the region’s economy suffers.
How do monsoons affect people’s lives in South Asia?
While too little rainfall during the summer monsoon can cause dire conditions for farmers on land, too much rainfall and overly strong winds can make coastal waters unsafe, preventing fishermen throughout South Asia from heading to sea to catch the fish they depend on for income.
What is one way the monsoons affect trade in Southeast Asia?
Monsoon plays a predominant role in the daily life of the people of South Asia. The use of monsoon wind in the Indian Ocean for maritime trade was a boon to the sailing ships to reach overseas countries. … The flow of wind and current was favourable for setting sail for both onward and return journey.
What are the negative effects of monsoons?
Summer monsoons can bring heavy rains that destroy homes, damage infrastructure, wash away crops and destroy Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) infrastructure. During winter monsoons, dry weather can lead to drought and crop failures from lack of moisture.
Why do monsoons occur in Asia?
The monsoons of Asia comprise a dry, cold winter phase and a wet, warm summer phase. During winter, cold, dry winds blow out of the continent, driven by an atmospheric high-pressure system located in Siberia. … This flow is driven by a low-pressure system in northern India.
What causes the monsoon winds in the Philippines?
The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. … This low pressure regions sees continuous rise of moist wind from the sea surface to the upper layers of the atmosphere, where the cooling means the air can no longer hold so much moisture resulting in precipitation.
What causes the monsoon weather pattern of South Asia?
Process of monsoon creation
It states that during the hot subtropical summers, the massive landmass of the Indian Peninsula heats up at a different rate than the surrounding seas, resulting in a pressure gradient from south to north. This causes the flow of moisture-laden winds from sea to land.
How does global warming affect monsoon?
Climate models indicate that global warming is expected to increase monsoon rainfall by 14% by the end of the century if greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions remain high (see graphic). In the medium emissions scenario, monsoon rainfall may increase by 10%.
Why are monsoons getting worse?
Global warming is likely to make India’s monsoon season wetter and more dangerous, new research suggests. Scientists have known for years that climate change is disrupting monsoon season. … The changes wrought by climate change could reshape the region, and history, the new research suggests, is a guide to those changes.
What does Southwest monsoon bring to the Philippines?
In its 4 a.m. weather bulletin, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) said the southwest monsoon will bring cloudy skies with scattered rain showers or thunderstorms to the Ilocos region, Zambales, Benguet, Batanes, and the Babuyan Islands.
How do the Himalayas and the monsoons help define the character of South Asia?
On the northern rim of the region, the height of the Himalayas restricts the warm moist monsoon air from moving across the mountain range. The Himalayas act as a precipitation barrier and create a strong rain shadow effect for Tibet and Western China. The monsoon is responsible for much of the rainfall in South Asia.