The Boxing Day tsunami in 2004 is believed to be the deadliest tsunami in history, killing more than 230,000 people across 14 countries. It began at 7:59am local time on December 26, 2004, when a 9.1-magnitude quake struck off the northern tip of Sumatra in Indonesia.
How big was the Indonesian tsunami?
The greatest run-up height of the tsunami was measured at a hill between Lhoknga and Leupung, on the western coast of the northern tip of Sumatra, near Banda Aceh, and reached 51 m (167 ft). The tsunami heights in Sumatra: 15–30 m (49–98 ft) on the west coast of Aceh. 6–12 m (20–39 ft) on the Banda Aceh coast.
What was the size of the 2004 tsunami?
7:58 a.m.: A magnitude 9.1 earthquake occurs off the northwest coast of Sumatra. +15 minutes: The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii registers the quake. +20 to 30 minutes: Tsunami waves more than 100 feet high pound the Banda Aceh coast, killing about 170,000 people and destroying buildings and infrastructure.
Why was the 2004 tsunami so bad?
In particular, the magnitude-9.1 quake in December 2004 generated a devastating tsunami that killed almost a quarter of a million people in countries and islands surrounding the Indian Ocean. … The September quake was caused by what’s called a “strike-slip” fault in the interior of one of these small plates.
How long did the 2004 tsunami last?
How long did the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 last? The Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 lasted for seven hours and reached out across the Indian Ocean, devastating coastal areas of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand, and as far away as East Africa.
How tall were the largest waves that struck the coastlines?
how tall were the largest waves that struck the coastlines around the earthquake epicenter? Some locations reported that the waves had reached a height of 30 feet (9 metres) or more when they hit the shoreline.
How much did the 2004 tsunami cost?
For example, the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, with a death toll of around 230,000 people, cost a ‘mere’ $15 billion, whereas in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in which 11 people died, the damages were six-fold.
What is the largest tsunami ever recorded?
In fact, the largest tsunami wave ever recorded broke on a cool July night in 1958 and only claimed five lives. A 1,720 foot tsunami towered over Lituya Bay, a quiet fjord in Alaska, after an earthquake rumbled 13 miles away.
What was the worst tsunami ever?
The most devastating and deadliest tsunami was one in the Indian Ocean on Boxing Day, 2004. The tsunami was the most lethal ever to have occurred, with a death toll that reached a staggering figure of over 230,000, affecting people in 14 countries – with Indonesia hit worst, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.
What was the deadliest tsunami?
2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami was one of the deadliest and most destructive natural disasters in human history. The undersea megathrust earthquake struck the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, on Dec. 26, 2004.
Could the 2004 tsunami have been predicted?
Unfortunately it isn’t possible to predict exactly when a tsunami may strike a coastal area, but there are clues that can save lives. … The Indonesian authorities in this case did issue a tsunami warning via text message, but the earthquake destroyed many cellphone towers.
How tall can a tsunami get?
In some places a tsunami may cause the sea to rise vertically only a few inches or feet. In other places tsunamis have been known to surge vertically as high as 100 feet (30 meters). Most tsunamis cause the sea to rise no more than 10 feet (3 meters).
How many homes did the 2004 tsunami destroy?
The Tsunami Evaluation Coalition, a multi-agency colloboration to evaulate the response to the disaster, said more than 600,000 people’s work was affected “(in some cases only for a few months)” and 141,000 houses were destroyed.
What was the most recent tsunami in 2021?
2021 Fukushima earthquake
|UTC time||2021-02-13 14:07:49|
|Tsunami||0.2 m (0.66 ft)|
|Aftershocks||Multiple. The largest is an Mw 6.0.|
|Casualties||1 dead, 186 injured, 16 serious|
How big was the Boxing Day tsunami wave?
Tsunamis reached 20m in height at landfall in parts of Aceh. In other locations they spread 3 km inland carrying debris and salt water with them. The retreating waters eroded whole shorelines.
Has New Zealand ever had a tsunami?
New Zealand has experienced about 10 tsunamis higher than 5m since 1840. Some were caused by distant earthquakes, but most by seafloor quakes not far off the coast. … Some tsunamis are turbulent, foaming walls of water filled with debris and sand that crash ashore and sweep inland.